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Goulburn on the Sydney Melbourne Inland Heritage Drive

Goulburn is a provincial city in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia in Goulburn Mulwaree Council Local Government Area. It is located 190 kilometres (118 mi) south-west of Sydney on the Hume Highway and 690 metres (2,264 ft) above sea-level. On Census night 2006, Goulburn had a population of 20,127 people. It brands itself as "Australia's first inland city", although this is a claim that the city of Bathurst also makes.

Goulburn was named by surveyor James Meehan after Henry Goulburn, Under-Secretary for War and the Colonies, and the name was ratified by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. The Aboriginal name for Goulburn is Burbong, a Murring/Wiradjuri word indicating a special Indigenous cultural area.

Goulburn is a railhead on the Main Southern line and service centre for the surrounding pastoral industry and a stopover for those travelling on the Hume Highway. It has a central park and many historic buildings, including old houses near the railway station on Sloane Street and two 19th-century cathedrals. It is home to the Big Merino, the world's largest concrete sheep.

Get active

Admire the city's architectural heritage in its buildings and cathedrals.

Take in the sweeping views from the Rocky Hill Lookout and War Memorial.

Wet your whistle at The Old Goulburn Brewery, in operation since 1840.

The oldest working industrial complex in Australia still brews traditional ales.

Enjoy a meal at an outdoor cafe or restaurant by the park. Rail buffs will enjoy the Rail Heritage Centre at the old Roundhouse.  

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Regions to which Goulburn is related

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Sydney Melbourne Inland Heritage Drive Route Information

The inland self-drive route from Sydney to Melbourne is the road to national discovery, along which the Australian pioneer spirit is brought to life in the villages and towns built by the early settlers, the river traders and gold miners who created this nation.

You can stroll down old cobbled streets lined with beautifully preserved buildings, and moments of the gold rush years and the elegant Victorian era that followed. Then enjoy uncovering the stories of our colonial men and women in the towns’ museums, book shops and galleries and their historical sites.

The broad, gum tree-shaded banks of the beautiful Murray River provide a relaxing location for a water based holiday. You can experience the charm of traveling on Australia’s iconic river on a paddle steamer, fish for the famous Murray Cod, play golf on championship courses, or just watch the river flow from one of its pretty beaches.

This road through Australia’s history starts in Sydney, where European settlement began, and where much of its original colonial architecture can still be seen in the Rocks, sitting under the famous Harbour Bridge and across the quay from the iconic Sydney Opera House. The route also takes in the national capital of Canberra, home to world class museums and galleries, award winning food and wine, and a plethora of outdoors and nature experiences fit for the whole family. 

Canberra Hot Air Ballooning

Sydney Melbourne Heritage Drive

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Explore the Regions between Sydney and Melbourne

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Shoalhaven South Coast NSW

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